By: Evelyn Owens (6th January 2013)
WHO DIVIDED THE BIBLE?
When the original books of the Bible were written, it did not contain chapter or verse.
The Bible Scholars have decided what books should go in the Old Testament and New Testament. There were debates on which book should go where and they decided to put the Books they have collected before the Life of Jesus in the OT and the NT is to start from the Life Of Jesus.
The Wycliffe English Bible of 1382 was the first Bible to have chapters in it while the Geneva Bible in 1565 was the first Bible to have chapters and verses in it.
Let us check what does the word Testament means?
According to Merriam Webster:
Testament is a covenant between God and the human race;
Testament is an act by which a person determines the disposition of his or her property after death.
According to Oxford Dictionary:
Testament – a person’s will, especially the part relating to personal property: father’s will and testament
JESUS WAS BORN UNDER THE OLD TESTAMENT LAW
Galatians 4:4 (ESV)
“But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law.”
Here it is clear that Jesus was born under the Old Testament, under the law.
21 And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called JESUS, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
22 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present [him] to the Lord;
23 (As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;)
24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.
On Lk 2:21, JESUS was His Name before He was conceived in the womb! It didn’t start in Bethlehem, it was a heavenly name that angel Gabriel told Mary that the name that she will give to Him is Jesus.
Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
Did Gabriel say, it’s actually 4 Letters called Tetragrammaton Mary, YHWH, YHVH, IHVH, JHVH and I’m not sure how to really pronounce it so, I’ll let you figure it out. Whatever suit you best, you’re the mother use your instinct? No, He didn’t say that, He was very clear that the Name of the child is going to be Jesus, no messing, no guessing. Simple and clear.
By the way, Jesus means Salvation, this is scriptural, Matthew 1:21, “…thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.”
Some preacher would say Jesus means Jehovah Is Salvation or Yahweh is Salvation. What Scripture would back up this claim? If Jehovah or Yahweh saves, it means that Jesus doesn’t save?
MY JESUS SAVES WITHOUT YAHWEH OR JEHOVAH! His Word tells me that Jesus alone can save me for there is no other name given under heaven, whereby we must be saved. Acts 4:12
Going back to Luke 2
V 22-24, Jesus was presented to the Lord and they offered sacrifices according to the law. Why offer turtle doves or young pigeons? Because it is the law and Mary obeyed the law.
When Jesus died on the Cross of Calvary, it is to “end” the Old Testament Law.
John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
“For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.”
Some people would rather believe these so called bible scholars that the Old Testament ended in Malachi BUT it is Jesus who finished the Old Testament when He died on the Cross of Calvary. Whose report would you believe? The lips of the bible scholars or the very lips of Jesus? I chose to believe my Great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.
Jesus instituted the New Testament, or the New Covenant on the night in which He was betrayed.
Matthew 26:26-28 (KJV)
26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave [it] to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;
28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
The New Testament was sealed by His Own Blood. Jesus on verse 28 is telling His disciples that He is going to make a New Testament, a new covenant because at that time they are still under the Old Testament. He cannot make a New Testament if He is not the Maker of the Old Testament, that is not going to work BUT since He is the Creator of the Old Testament, He can cancel it and make a new one. And that is what Jesus did.
Even Apostle Paul acknowledged the night when Jesus promised to make a New Covenant.
1 Corinthians 11:23-25
23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the [same] night in which he was betrayed took bread:
24 And when he had given thanks, he brake [it], and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
25 After the same manner also [he took] the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink [it], in remembrance of me.
For the New Testament to have a full effect, Jesus as the Testator must face death. Jesus died on the Cross and He abolished the Old Covenant and made a New Covenant.
Hebrews 9:16 (KJV)
For where a testament [is], there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
Hebrews 9:17 (KJV)
For a testament [is] of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.
Jesus now put The Law In The Hearts Of His People
2 Corinthians 3:6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
Hebrews 10:15 [Whereof] the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,
16 This [is] the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
Since Jesus made a New Covenant, The Old Covenant Is Now Obsolete
The Apostle Paul wrote:
But their minds were made dull, for to this day the same veil remains when the old covenant is read. It has not been removed, because only in Christ is it taken away (2 Corinthians 3:14).
This first covenant is now obsolete.
By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear (Hebrews 8:13).
To say that Jesus is not in the Old Testament is a big lie.
Malachi 3:6 “For I the LORD do not change; therefore you, O children of Jacob, are not consumed.
Since God, doesn’t change, why are there so many Bible Scholars, Rabbis who are trying to change His very name? The Lord who is Jesus said that He doesn’t change.
Jesus has always been Jesus (Heb 13:8)
“Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.”
When is yesterday here? It’s from everlasting for He is from everlasting to everlasting.
Jesus said He manifested God’s name (John 17:6) What name did He manifest?Jesus. Also, Jesus said before Abraham, I Am (John 8:58). Jesus words in Revelation; I am the first and the last, the Alpha and the Omega, the Almighty, who was, who is and who is to come. Jesus has always been His name, He is the God of the OT and the God of the NT, His name was not yet revealed until He manifested Himself in the flesh.
Rev 1:8 ” I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.”
Revelation 22:13 (KJV)
“I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.”
Jesus was the Creator Himself
John 1:10 “He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.”
There is only One Creator and He made a way how his people that He created can be saved that’s why He came down on earth and paid the price of our salvation (Heb 9:22) Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are Old Testament books. The New Testament started on the New Birth of the Church which is the Book of Acts.
The below is a very good summary from Bishop Reckart.
The Covenants are Two Testaments. Each Testament is the same thing as a Will. When the maker of the Testament or Will dies, the Testament of the testator comes in full effect or power. As in all cases, if a testator makes a Testament or Will, he can change or cancel it. He can create another one if he abolishes the first testament. Here is where we must see Jesus as Jesus, the Maker of the Old Testament and the Maker of the New Testament. If Jesus was not the Maker of the Old Testament, He could not abolish it and establish a New Testament. It is a lie to say that Jehovah was the God in the OT and Jesus is the God of the NT. Jesus is the God of Both Testaments – Old and New Covenants.
Jesus bless our faith in Him Alone!